Ide Berries – Vaccinium corymbosum or blueberry plants are deciduous or flowering evergreen shrubs of the Azalea family. Blueberry plants have bell-shaped blossoms and ovate leaves in red, white or pink tones. These plants help to generate the nutrient-rich, dark blueberry fruit.
Blueberry can be categorized into three types such as the Southern high bush, the rabbiteye, and the high bush. There is a gamut of well-known high bush varieties such as the blue crop blueberry, the bluejay blueberry, and the Herbert blueberry. You can get more blueberry plant in the course of this article.
In the third season, you will find blueberry bushes producing fruit. They are not highly productive until the 6th season. When the blueberry fruit pulls away from the cluster and turned a deep blue, it signifies being ripe for use.
Blueberry plants require highly acidic and free-draining soils enriched with organic matter. For optimum fruit yield and quality, the planting location should be completely sunny. The plants come with shallow root mechanisms that require at least one inch of water weekly.
Sawdust mulches and peat moss help to increase nutrient intake, control weeds and conserve moisture. For the first three seasons, blueberry bushes do not need any pruning.
In the spring of the fourth seasons, dormant blueberry plants should be pruned to stimulate growth. Leaf spots, botrytis blossom blight, mummy berry and powdery mildew are potential blueberry plant diseases. Blueberry plants are vulnerable to attacks from cranberry fruit worms, cherry fruit worms, and tip borers.
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What is a garden blueberry?
In the United States, garden blueberries are the most widely grown fruit plant. Good markets are available for organically grown blueberries in the garden. If you want to return the soil in your garden to good health, then planting flavorful blueberries remains the best solution.
Studies have revealed that different blueberry species is home to the United States. The lowbush blueberry is of great importance in Canada and Maine.
In the Southern United States, the rabbiteye blueberry is commercially grown for great benefits. The Midwestern regions of the United States, Mid-Atlantic, and Pennsylvania have highbush blueberry grown for commercial purposes.
The blue berry plant information of much interest in the garden industry is the high bush option. It is always a big challenge to manage low bush types of blueberry. This is because the plant forms a dense mat and as well spreads quickly.
Rabbit eye blueberries can always be seen in the southeastern part of the US. They have a similar cultural capability like high bush production. The high bush garden blueberry has a high-level of performance that helps to garner the beauty of your garden.
How many calories are in a blueberry?
There is so much to benefit from the blueberry plant information in this paragraph. The calories in a blueberry fruit can be fascinating information to help you on how to use the plant.
For this reason, a detailed breakdown of the 83 calories found in one cup serving size of the plant is well explained below. The calories from fat read five. The total fat is equivalent to 0.5g. Polyunsaturated fat is equal to 0.2g while saturated fat maintains zero reading.
Cholesterol is zero percent while mono saturated fat reads 0.1g. Sugars maintain 14.4g as protein occupies 1.1g. With dietary fiber accumulating 14 percent and 3.5g, sodium maintains 1mg. Potassium happens to be the most important components in the one cup blueberry serving. It occupies 111.65 at three percent. Finally, carbohydrates measure 21g at seven percent. In a single blueberry, you will always discover around 0.78 calories. In fact, it is less than a calorie.
What vitamins do blueberries have in them?
Blueberries have in them a gamut of vitamins that can support the body structure of users. For instance, the amount of iron present in a cup serving size of blueberry is eleven percent. Both Calcium and vitamin A are found at zero percent in blueberries. Without any iota of doubt, vitamin C remains the biggest component in blueberries. Vitamin C is found at thirty-eight percent in blueberries.
Are blueberries acidic?
Understanding the applications of the blueberry plant will help you know how to make of the right species. Research has revealed that blueberries remain mildly acidifying.
Blueberries have their pH around 3. It implies that they remain acidic in nature. Blueberries will maintain acidic effects once they get metabolized in the body.
How to Grow Blueberries
Blueberry is a member of rhododendron and azalea family, a native to North America, which is invented in 20th century. Blueberry bushes are easy to grow and resistant to most pests and diseases. It can produce for up to 20 years.
There are three types of blueberries, namely highbush, lowbush and hybrid half-high. Among the types, highbush is the most commonly planted blueberries.
- High bushes (Vaccinium corymbosum). These varieties have a six foot shrub and can be adapted from zone 4 to zone 7. Some of them such as ‘Bluecrop’, ‘Blueray’, ‘Herbert’, ‘Jersey’, or ‘Meader’ can stand in the cold winters. Meanwhile, ‘Berkeley’, ‘Bluecrop’, ‘Blueray’, ‘Coville’, ‘Darrow’, or ‘Herbert’ can produce big berries. Whereas, for the best flavor you may choose ‘Blueray’, ‘Darrow’, ‘Herbert’, ‘Ivanhoe’, ‘Pioneer’, ‘Stanley’, and ‘Wareham’.
- Lowbush (V. angustifolium). This variety is best for the coldest climates. The bushes can be adapted from zone 3 to zone 7. This type of blueberry can be found in cans on supermarket shelves. The fruits are sweet and covered with waxy bloom when it’s fresh.
- Half-High. These varieties are hybrids resulted from the combined qualities of highbush and lowbush blueberries. The most known of them are ‘Northcountry’, ‘Northblue’ and ‘Northland’. ‘Northcountry’ can grow from 18 to 24 inches high. It has excellent, mild-flavored, slightly aromatic sky-blue fruits. North blues grows 20 to 30 inches high and produces dark-blue, nickel –size fruits. The fruits are suitable for pies. Whereas, ‘Northland’ is a 3 to 4 feet half-high from Michigan that has bland, average quality fruit.
Blueberries require acidic, high organic, well drained yet moist soil. The ideal pH is between 4 and 5. The bushes should be planted in early spring. Be sure to go to reputable nursery to find good or qualified bushes. If available, one to three years old plants are best choice.
Steps to plant:
- Dig holes with 20 inch deep and 18 inch wide.
- Give space bushes about 5 feet apart.
- You have to give fertilizer after a month of planting, not at the time of planting.
- Blueberry has shallow rooting system that will be benefited from organic mulch. Therefore, you can spread 2-4 inch layer of woodchips, saw dust or pine needles after planting. The mulch will keep the soil moist and prevent it from drying.
- The plants need to be watered about one to two inches per week.
- Pruning is not necessary for the first four years after planting.
- After four years of planting, pruning is needed to stimulate growth of the new shoots.
- You need to drape netting over the bushes to protect the ripening blueberries from birds.
- Pruning is also needed in late winter, preferably before the growth begin.
- For highbush varieties, you may start from the large cuts, removing the wood that is more than six years old, lowering to the ground or crowding the center of the bush. You also need to remove low-growing branches to prevent the fruits from touching the ground. Spindly twigs also need to be removed.
- You can prune lowbush blueberries by cutting all stems to ground level
- To stimulate growth, do not let the bush to produce the fruit for the first couple of year by pinching the black blossoms.
- The full production of blueberries will be reached after 6 years of planting.
- Blueberries are ready for picking in late July until mid August.
- When the fruits turn blues, it still needs a couple of days to be ready for harvesting.
- Blueberries are one of the easiest fruits to freeze.